Below are the lab’s publications, including both journal articles as well as non-peer reviewed publications. For publications with an available PDF, click on the associated reference.

Journal Articles

(For a PDF of an In Press Article, please email our Lab Coordinator)

In Press

  • Tiede, K.E., Bjälkebring, P., & Peters, E. (in press). Numeracy, numeric attention, and number use in judgment and choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.

  • Markowitz, D. M. & Slovic, P. (in press). Why we dehumanize illegal immigrants: A US mixed-methods study. PLOS ONE.

  • Best, R., Carman, K.G., Parker, A.M., & Peters, E. (in press). Age declines in numeracy: An analysis of longitudinal data. Psychology and Aging.

  • Markowitz, D. M. (in press). Revisiting the relationship between deception and design: A replication and extension of Hancock et al. (2004). Human Communication Research.

  • Markowitz, D. M., Blackburn, K. G., Saxena, K., Marion, J., Olivarez, O., Hernandez, R, Woodworth, M. T., & Hancock, J. T. (in press). The truth project. Journal of Language and Social Psychology.

  • Markowitz, D. M., Kouchaki, M., Gino, F., Hancock, J. T., & Boyd, R. L. (in press). Authentic first impressions relate to interpersonal, social, and entrepreneurial success. Social Psychological and Personality Science.

  • Peters, E., Boyd, P., Cameron, L.D., Contractor, N., Diefenbach, M.A., Fleszar-Pavlovic, S., Markowitz, E., Salas, R.N., Stephens, K.K. (in press). Evidence-based recommendations for communicating the impacts of climate change on health. Translational Behavioral Medicine.

  • Markowitz, D. M. (in press). Toward a deeper understanding of prolific lying: Building a profile of situation-level and individual-level characteristics. Communication Research.

  • Peters, E. & Shoots-Reinhard, B. (in press). Numeracy and the motivational mind: The power of numeric self-efficacy. Medical Decision Making.


  • Svensson, H., Shoots-Reinhard, B., Cravens-Brown, L., & Peters, E. (2022). Greater objective numeracy protects COVID-19 pandemic grades but endangers academic interest. Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology. doi: 10.1037/stl0000319

  • Markowitz, D. M., Shoots-Reinhard, B., Peters, E., Silverstein, M. C., Goodwin, R., & Bjälkebring, P. (2021). Dehumanization During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in psychology, 12, 634543. Paper presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Francisco.


  • Markowitz, D. M. (2021). Psychological trauma and emotional upheaval as revealed in academic writing: The case of COVID-19. Cognition and Emotion, 1–14.

  • Aldama, A., Bicchieri, C., Freundt, J., Mellers, B., & Peters, E. (2021). How perceptions of autonomy relate to beliefs about inequality and fairness. PLOS ONE, 16 (1), e0244387.

  • Barker, A., Joynt Maddox, K.E., Peters, E., Huang, K., & Politi, M. (2021). Predicting future utilization using self-reported health and health conditions in a longitudinal cohort study: Implications for health insurance decision support. Inquiry, 58, 1-9.

  • Bjälkebring, P. & Peters, E. (2021). Money matters (especially if you are good at math): Numeracy, verbal intelligence, education, and income in satisfaction judgments. PLOS ONE, 16(11), e0259331.

  • Bonner, C., Trevena, L.J., Gaissmaier, W., Han, P.K.J., Okan, Y., Ozanne, E., Peters, E., Timmermans, D., Zikmund-Fisher, B.J. (2021). Current best practice for presenting probabilities in patient decision aids: Fundamental principles. Medical Decision Making, 41 (7), 821-833.

  • Chesney, D., Shoots-Reinhard, B., & Peters, E. (2021). The causal impact of numeracy on normative judgments: Improving numeracy via symbolic and non-symbolic arithmetic practice improves risky judgments. Journal of Numerical Cognition (JNC), 7(3), 351-367.

  • Lee, C.N., Merrill, A.L., & Peters, E. (2021). The role of emotion in surgical decision making: Applying concepts from decision psychology. Annals of Surgery, 273(6), e265-e267.

  • Markowitz, D. M., Shoots-Reinhard, B., Peters, E., Silverstein, M. C., Goodwin, R., & Bjälkebring, P. (2021). Dehumanization during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.634543

  • Peters, E. (2021). Response to “Do the Math” by Joachim I. Krueger. The American Journal of Psychology, 134(2), 245-246.

  • Shoots-Reinhard, B., Goodwin, R., Bjälkebring, P., Markowitz, D., Silverstein, M., & Peters, E. (2021). Ability-related political polarization in the COVID-19 pandemic. Intelligence, 88, 101580,

  • Shoots-Reinhard, B., Svensson, H., & Peters, E. (2021). Support for legislative, technological, and organizational strategies to reduce cellphone use while driving: Psychological predictors and influences of language. Traffic Injury Prevention,

  • Trevena, L.J., Bonner, C., Okan, Y., Peters, E., Gaissmaier, W., Han, P.K.J., Ozanne, E., Timmermans, D., Zikmund-Fisher, B.J. (2021). Current challenges when using numbers in patient decision aids: Advanced concepts. Medical Decision Making, 41 (7), 834-847.

  • Way, B.M., Peters, E., & Keaveney, A. (2021). The need for studies of acetaminophen’s impact on risk-taking in daily life; reply to Ross and Holstege (2021). Social Cognitive and Affective Science,





  • Berman, M.L., Byron, M.J., Hemmerich, N., Lindblom, E.N., Lazard, A.J., Peters, E., Brewer, N.T. (2017). Communicating tobacco product information to the public. Food & Drug Law Journal, 72(3), 386.



















  • Slovic, P. & Peters, E. (1998). The importance of worldviews in risk perception. Risk, Decision, and Policy, 3(2), 165-170.



Chapters and Other

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications





  • Tompkins, M. K., Bjälkebring, P., & Peters, E. (2018). Emotional aspects of risk perceptions. In Martina Raue, Eva Lermer & Bernhard Streicher (Ed.), Psychological Aspects of Risk and Risk Analysis: Theory, Models, and Applications (pp. 109-130). New York: Springer.


  • Gilden, J. & Peters, E. (2017). Public knowledge, scientific literacy, numeracy, and perceptions of climate change. In M.C Nisbet (Ed.) The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication (pp.), Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.305

  • Kahan, D.M. & Peters, E. (2017). Rumors of the 'nonreplication' of the 'motivated numeracy effect' are greatly exaggerated. (August 26, 2017). Available at SSRN:

  • Peters, E. (2017). Overcoming innumeracy and the use of heuristics when communicating science. In Scheufele, D., Kahan, D., & Hall Jamieson, K. (Eds), Handbook on the Science of Science Communication, (pp. 389-398). Oxford University Press.


  • Peters, E., & *Meilleur, L. (2016). The influence of affect on health decisions. In M.A. Diefenbach, S.M. Miller SM, & D. Bowen. Handbook of Health Decision Science. (pp. 109-120). New York, NY:  Springer Verlag.


  • Peters, E. (2014). Anticipating barriers to the communication of critical information. In B.L. Anderson & J. Schulkin (Eds.), Numerical Reasoning in Judgments and Decision Making about Health, (pp. 175-192). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  • Peters, E. (2014). When five out of four people have trouble with fractions. Policy Options, 35(3), 50-52.

  • Peters, E., *Meilleur, L., & *Tompkins, M.K. (2014). Numeracy and the Affordable Care Act: Opportunities and challenges. Appendix A. IOM (Institute of Medicine). In Health Literacy and Numeracy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.


  • Kahan, D.M., Peters, E., Dawson, E.C., & Slovic, P. (2013). Motivated numeracy and enlightened self-government. The Cultural Cognition Project, Working paper No. 16.


  • Peters, E. & Bruine de Bruin, W. (2012).  Aging and decision skills. In M. K. Dhami, A. Schlottmann, and M. Waldmann (Eds.). Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill: Learning, Development, and Evolution, (pp 113-139). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  • Trevena L, Zikmund-Fisher BJ, Edwards A, Gaissmeier W, Galesic M, Han P, King J, Lawson M, Linder S, Lipkus I, Ozanne E, Peters E, Timmermans D, & Woloshin S. (2012). Presenting probabilities. Chapter C in 2012 Update of the IPDAS Collaboration Background Document. International Patient Decision Aid Standards Collaboration, 2012. Available at


  • Fagerlin, A. & Peters, E. (2011).  Quantitative information.  In B. Fischhoff, N. Brewer and J. Downs (Eds.). Evidence-Based Communication of Risk and Benefits: A User’s Guide, (pp 53-64). Silver Spring, MD: Food and Drug Administration.

  • Peters, E. (2011).  Affect and emotion.  In B. Fischhoff, N. Brewer and J. Downs (Eds.). Evidence-Based Communication of Risk and Benefits: A User’s Guide (pp 89-100). Silver Spring, MD: Food and Drug Administration.

  • Peters, E., Dieckmann, N. F., & Weller, J. (2011). Age differences in complex decision making.  In K. W. Schaie and S. L. Willis (Eds.).  Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, 7th Edition (pp 133-151). Oxford: Elsevier.

  • Västfjäll, D., Peters, E. & *Bjalkebring, P. (2011). The experience and regulation of regret across the adult life span. In I. Nyklicek, A. Vingerhoets, & M. Zeelenberg (Eds.). Emotion Regulation and Well Being: Theory and Application, (pp 165-180). New York: Springer.


  • *Daniel, D., Greene, J., & Peters, E. (2010).  Screening question to identify patients with limited health literacy not enough (Letter to the Editor).  Family Medicine, 42(1), 7-8.

  • Fagerlin, A., Peters, E., Schwartz, A., Zikmund-Fisher, B.J. (2010). Cognitive and affective influences on health decisions. In J. Suls, K. Davidson and R. M. Kaplan (Eds.), Handbook of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, (pp 49-63). New York: Guilford Press.

  • Peters, E. (2010). Aging-related changes in decision making. In A. Drolet, N. Schwarz, & C. Yoon (Eds.), The Aging Consumer: Perspectives from Psychology and Economics, (pp 75-101). New York: Routledge.


  • Diefenbach, M.A., Miller, S.M., Porter, M., Peters, E., Stefanek, M., & Leventhal, H. (2008).  Emotions and health behavior: A self-regulation perspective. In M. Lewis, J. M. Haviland-Jones, & L. Feldman Barrett (Eds.), Handbook of Emotions, 3rd Edition, (pp 645-660). New York: Guilford Press.

  • Peters, E. (2008).  Numeracy and the perception and communication of risk. In W. T. Tucker, S. Ferson, A. Sinkel, T. F. Long, D. Slavin, & P. Wright (Eds.), Strategies for risk communication: Evolution, evidence, experience, (pp 1-7). New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 

  • Peters, E. (2008). Preferred data visualization techniques may not lead to comprehension and use of hazard information [Review of the chapter “Visualizing uncertainty in natural hazards”]. In A. Bostrom, S. P. French, & S. J. Gottlieb (Eds.), Risk assessment, modeling and decision support: Strategic directions, (pp. 296-306). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.


  • Peters, E. (2006).  Numbers are just numbers.  In K. W. Schaie & L. L. Carstensen (Eds.)  Social Structures, Aging and Self-Regulation in the Elderly, (pp. 175-188).  New York: Springer Publishing Co.

  • Peters, E. (2006).  The functions of affect in the construction of preferences.  In S. Lichtenstein & P. Slovic (Eds.), The Construction of Preference, (pp. 454-463).  New York: Cambridge University Press. 

  • Peters, E., Mertz, C.K., Hibbard, J., Slovic, P., & Dieckmann, N. (2006). Making healthcare information more understandable and useable by consumers. Final report to funder.


  • Finucane, M. L., Peters, E., & Slovic, P. (2003). Judgment and decision making: The dance of affect and reason. In S. L. Schneider & J. Shanteau (Eds.), Emerging Perspectives on Decision Research, (pp 327-364). New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Hibbard, J. H., Dubow, J., & Peters, E. (2003, May). Decision making in consumer-directed health plans (#2003-05). Washington, DC: AARP.


  • Slovic, P., Finucane, M., Peters, E., & MacGregor, D. G. (2002). The affect heuristic. In T. Gilovich, D. Griffin, & D. Kahneman (Eds.), Heuristics and biases: The psychology of intuitive judgment, (pp. 397-420). New York:  Cambridge University Press.

  • Reprinted as: Slovic, P., Finucane, M. L., Peters, E., & MacGregor, D.G. (2007). The affect heuristic.  European Journal of Operational Research, 177(3), 1333-1352.


  • Peters, E., Finucane, M. L., MacGregor, D. G., & Slovic, P. (2000). The bearable lightness of aging: Judgment and decision processes in older adults. In National Research Council, P. C. Stern & L. L. Carstensen (Eds.), The aging mind: Opportunities in cognitive research, (Appendix C, pp. 144-165). Washington, DC: National Academy.


  • Slovic, P., MacGregor, D., & Peters, E. (1998). Imagery, affect, and decision making. Report No. 98-1. Eugene, OR: Decision Research.


  • Peters, E., Flynn, J., & Slovic, P. (1995). Monitoring affect and images for the Yucca Mountain socioeconomic impact assessment. Technical report for funding agency.